Leather is a natural product and varies in appearance depending on which part of the leather hide is used. The leather is the finest and most sturdy in the middle, the sides are looser and thinner.
The hair side is the nappa side.
The flesh side is the suede side.
The leather hide is split and the lower section is used.
A leather hide is dyed in a tannery. Generally all leather is dyed. A non-dyed leather hide is light blue-grey. Because leather is a natural product dyeing can be difficult and risky.
Thoroughly dyed leather without surface treatment.
Spray painted leather.
A leather hide can be both thoroughly dyed and its surface top dyed. Leather can be printed with color or structure patterns. The surface can be treated with lacquer or wax.
Nappa is the upper side of the leather hide, simply expressed the hair side. The surface structure / grain differs between various leather hides.
Is thin and supple, the surface structure is even and smooth. Lamb/sheep makes for light and soft garments.
Is thin and strong, distinguishing features are small holes which can be seen along the hairs / bristles on the surface structure.
Is strong and elastic in all directions, crossed fibers. The surface structure has a distinct pattern.
Includes both cow and buffalo. Strong and has a tight firm feeling. The surface structure is smooth with a slight pattern.
Suede is the underside of leather, Simply expressed the flesh side. The fringe / surface differs between various leather hides.
Is strong and supple, the fringe is short and small dots can be seen along the hairs/bristles.
Is strong and supple, the fringe short and tight.
The surface of leather can be printed with pattern, with color or simply a structure pattern. This occurs on both nappa and suede. Nappa often has small irregularities, which can be concealed when the surface is printed with a pattern.
The nappa side is used and is polished to have a velvet-like surface, with a short fringe.
General care – Always hang a leather garment on a well-formed clothes hanger. Dirt and dust gets easily caught in suede fringe and fur suede. Brush the garment with a soft brush or a piece of foam rubber that is not too thick.
* Polishing dust on suede exists more or less on all new garments. In order to remove this use a brush or a tape roller.
* You can press a garment – set the thermostat to silk or wool, press with a dry press towel, the garment must be dry.
* If cleaning is necessary contact a professional – Do not wash in a washing machine!
* With normal wear and good care a leather jacket can survive many years. One can say that there is no determined life span but the customer plays a big part in how “many years” it lives. It is important to know that the lining and other details on a leather jacket do not have the same life span as the jacket itself.
* If the garment gets wet – hang on a clothes hanger and dry slowly at room temperature. If the garment feels stiff when it has dried rub leather against leather, brush with a garment brush or dry sponge (suede garments). Nappa garments tolerate rain if they are top dyed. If the leather is only aniline dyed and possibly waxed dark spots will appear. Raindrops will be absorbed but the spots disappear when the garment has dried.
Stains/fat stains – On suede this can be removed by covering the stain with chalk (scraped from ordinary school chalk). Let the chalk absorb the fat, preferably overnight, then brush off and rub leather against leather. On Nappa garments a mild soap solution applied with a cotton rag or sponge can be used.
Fat stains may occur if it contains dairy products with colouring matter. To remove – a moistened cloth or possibly rinse with cold water, apply chalk and let dry – brush or rub leather against leather.
It is important to immediately rinse with cold water, apply chalk and let dry.
Wipe off with a moistened cloth, here fat stains often occur, apply chalk. As always if this does not help contact a professional.
Stains / water soluble – For example remainders of food without fat can be removed with a moistened white cotton rag, afterwards gently rub with a dry rag. Let dry and rub leather against leather.
Stains/more difficult – that which cannot be handled by oneself should be left to a professional for advice and for the appropriate treatment.
Never use petrol or other solvents that can harm the color or the garments surface finish.
- Wash in max 30 degrees celcius.
- Wash separate, do not mix with other colour or textiles.
- Centrifuge the garment.
- Mild detergent can be used (max 1 tsp per wash).
- Do not use fabric softener.
- After wash, hang the garment properly on a hanger.
- Fold collar and lapel properly while drying.
- Shoulderpads may need to be folded back to original position.
- Stretch the seams carefully after wash.
- Dry in a normal room temperature (not in drying cupboard). Will takem up to appx 48 hours.
- When garment is dried, it can be ironed carefully.
- Iron with low temperatur and use a cotton cloth between iron and suede.
- Finally, a soft cloth brush can be used to get suede more silky.
Note! All new suede can have dye stuff or dust. Avoid using white clothes toghether with sharp suede colour first time garment is worn.